Smita Patil (17 OCT 1955 – 13 DEC 1986) was an Indian actress of film, television and theatre. Regarded among the finest stage and film actresses of her times, Smita Patil appeared in over 80 Marathi & Hindi films in a career that spanned just over a decade. During her career, she received two National Film Awards and a Filmfare Award. She was the recipient of the Padma Shri, India’s fourth-highest civilian honour in 1985.
Smita Patil graduated from the Film and Television Institute of India in Pune, Maharashtra and made her film debut with Shyam Benegal Charandas Chor in 1975. She became one of the leading actresses of parallel cinema, a New Wave movement in India cinema, though she also appeared in several mainstream movies throughout her profession. Her exhibitions were regularly acclaimed, and her most remarkable parts incorporate Manthan in 1977, and Bhumika in 1977 , Aakrosh in 1980 , Chakra in 1981, Chidambaram 1985 and Mirch Masala 1985.
Apart from acting, Smita Patil was an active feminist and a member of the (WCM) Women Centre in Mumbai, Maharashtra. She was deeply committed to the advancement of women’s issues, and gave her endorsement to films industry which sought to explore the role of women in traditional Indian society, their sexuality, and the changes facing the middle-class woman in an urban milieu.
Smita Patil was married to actor Raj Babbar. She died on 13 December 1986 at the age of 31 due to childbirth complications. Over ten of her films were released after her death. Her son Prateik Babbar is a film actor who made his debut in 2008.
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